Thorough Examinations – LOLER & PUWER
Many existing forklift truck examinations are not truly thorough, and there are two sets of obligations that need to be met under a “thorough” examination:
- The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER)
- The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER)
To fulfil your duty to ensure equipment is safe to use, you have to meet all the criteria laid out in BOTH of these regulations. This means a detailed examination needs to be carried out; one which many so-called “thorough” examinations fail to deliver. These mis-sold checks usually only cover the LOLER requirements, which examine a truck’s lifting mechanism and fulfil the minimum criteria.
If your insurance company handles the examination requirements on your behalf, then there is a strong chance you are only getting this bog-standard LOLER examination. To ensure the full range of criteria are being met, you need to have a Consolidated Fork Truck Services (CFTS) Thorough Examination performed.
At Solution MHE, our specialists are trained to deliver only the complete CFTS Thorough Examination. Solution MHE is a member of Consolidated Fork Truck Services, so we deal in only the best services for forklift maintenance and forklift repairs. With a CFTS examination from Solution MHE, your forklift trucks will be fully prepared to carry out day-to-day operations safely and effectively all year round.
The LOLER Requirements
The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations came into force in 1998, placing duties on companies who operate lifting equipment. The regulations are designed to ensure lifting equipment is fit for purpose, and records of any defects found must be kept and reported to the operators of the equipment and the relevant enforcing authority. LOLER examinations cover the following parts of a forklift:
- Forks – The protruding parts of the lifting mechanism that support the load to be lifted. These need to be firmly attached, and their integrity must not be compromised.
- Attachments – Any special attachments on the lifting mechanism need to be in full working order and tightly secured in the appropriate position.
- Carriage – A support structure into which the forks are mounted. This must be fully intact and secured in place, and it must be well aligned.
- Load Backrest – This part of the lifting mechanism must be securely positioned and able to withstand the full weight of the forklift’s load capacity.
- Mast – The upright part of the lifting mechanism must be strong, well aligned and able to support the necessary weight.
- Chains – An essential part of the lifting mechanism, the chains need to have full structural integrity and be securely attached in the necessary places to execute the lifting process.
- Hydraulics – the driving force of the lifting mechanism, these need to be in full working order, with all components fully intact and the pistons well lubricated.
- Rating plate – This needs to be intact and legible, with all the necessary information displayed.
- Controls – All controls need to be in place, and all able to perform the necessary tasks to ensure the forklift is fully functional.
These are all the components that make up the lifting machinery of a forklift truck. The LOLER legislation is designed to regulate the safe usage of lifting equipment, which is why many examinations only cover these regulations, but most forklift trucks consist of more hardware than just the lifting components. That is where the PUWER requirements are necessary – the vehicle component of the truck needs to be maintained as well.
The PUWER Requirements
The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations also came into force in 1998, and are an important part of a full programme of forklift maintenance. They place certain duties on companies who operate work equipment to ensure it is fit for purpose, safe to use, and used only by people with adequate training and knowledge of health and safety measures. PUWER examinations will cover the following parts of a forklift truck:
- Overhead Guard – This should be fully intact and fit to withstand an impact should any goods or equipment fall down from above.
- Safety Equipment – Any required safety attachments and modifications should be present and fit for purpose. Different working environments require different safety equipment.
- Steering – The steering mechanism must be fully functional and properly aligned.
- Brakes – The truck’s brakes need to be in good condition and fully responsive to ensure the truck is safe to use.
- Seat – The seat in the cockpit must be securely in place and fit for purpose. It should feature the necessary features for driver comfort during long-term use.
- Chassis – The vehicle chassis cannot have any weaknesses, and must be fully intact to support the weight of the vehicle plus its full load.
- Wheels and tyres – These need to be secured and aligned, and the tyres must be inflated and have sufficient tread to achieve good traction.
- Traction system – This needs to be in full working order.
- Counterweight – This must be in place and sufficient to balance a full load.
The CFTS Examination performed by Solution MHE covers all aspects of the LOLER and PUWER requirements, ensuring your forklift truck is completely fit for purpose and safe to use, in accordance with all industry regulations. Call 0117 938 2012 today to get a free quotation, and get yourself on the right track to having your forklift truck(s) undergo a truly “thorough” examination.